Papyrus Bingen 45 du musée égyptien de Berlin.

Entouré de rouge sur la vue ci-dessous, le terme genesthoi (« Qu'il en soit ainsi »), clairement d'une main différente du reste du texte, une ordonnance royale datée d'un an 19 = 4 (=33 av. n. è.), a pu être écrit par la fameuse Cléopâtre VII.

Voir la photo en pleine résolution.

Message ayant circulé sur la liste de l'EEF
--- Forwarded message ----- Date: Mon, 25 Sep 2000 09:11:19 -0400 From: Willy Clarysse
To: gillam Subject: Cleopatra's signature Some more life was just thrown into our list by H. Melaerts. Perhaps I should explain a bit more about Pëter van Minnen's recent find. P.Bingen 45, now housed in the Egyptian Museum, Berlin, is edited as a synchoresis, a private contract. In fact it is a royal ordinance to give extensive tax and customs exemptions to a wealthy landowner in Egypt, no doubt a Roman. Both the fisc (dioikesis) and "the private account of ourselves and the children" are involved. The author therefore cannot be anyone else but the reigning sovereign. As the text is dated in year 19 = 4 (33 B.C.) this must be the famous Cleopatra VII herself. The last line of the text is a subscription in a different hand, stipulating "genesthoi" i.e. "so be it". This must be the original signature of the queen. Given the date of the text, only a couple of years before the battle of Actium, the priviliged person, perhaps called Publius Cassius (?), was no doubt a major supporter of Mark Antony in the civil war against Octavian. This is an extraordinarily important historical document. A revised edition by Peter van Minnen is now in press in Ancient Society 30 (2000). Van Minnen is at this moment a Dutch Academy Research Fellow in Religious Studies at the University of Groningen (The Netherlands) and Visiting Assistant Professor in Ancient History at the University of Leuven (Belgium). Feel free to post this message to other list servs. Willy Clarysse.

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